Chapa, Juan Bautista. "Texas & Northeastern Mexico, 1630-1690", Translation of "Historia del nuevo de Leon 1650 a 1690", UT Press, Austin Translated by Ned F. Brierley, Ed Foster, William, 1997

Foster, William. "Spanish Expeditions into Texas, 1689 - 1768", UT Press, 1995

Griffen, William B. "Southern Periphery: East", in "Handbook of North American Indians: Southwest" vol 10. Alfonso Ortiz, vol Ed. Smithsonian Inst. Washington, 1983

Hickerson, Nancy P. "The Jumano Indians: hunters and traders of the south plains", UT Press, Austin, 1994

Hickerson, Nancy P. "The Jumano Indians" , in "The New Handbook of Texas", Vol 2, The Texas State Historical Association, Austin, 1996

Newcomb, W. W. "The Indians of Texas", UT Press, Austin.

Swanton, John R. "The Indian Tribes of North America", Smithsonian Inst. Press., Washington and London, 1969 reprint of 1952 as in "Bureau of American Ethnology" Bulletin Num 145.